June 19, 2024

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Ómicron: Everything you need to know about the new corona virus variant

On November 26, the World Health Organization (WHO) Rated Variation B.1.1.529 As concernYou, Its abbreviation in English) Omigron. So far, it has already been detected in more than 40 countries. Despite being grounded on the planet, scientists still warn that many aspects remain unknown. Some commitments were determined.

What are the symptoms created by the Omigron variant

Angelique Godzilla He was the first expert to make Ómicron traits, and he was also responsible for providing the first description of the disease manifested by this variant. According to the president of the South African Medical Association, “In most cases, the victims are the victims Mild to moderate symptoms”.

read more: Argentina, Compared with Omigran Variation: Vaccines so far and vaccines to be introduced in the coming months

That the expert promised Toss And this Fever They left their place as the most common symptoms and micron reveals:

  • Headache
  • Sore throat (Scratch sensation)
  • Fatigue (A different kind of fatigue for a day or two)
  • General discomfort (General pain in the body)
A nurse at a civil hospital in Ahmedabad, India, enters a room set up to treat patients with the Omigran variant (Photo: REUTERS / Amit Dave)Source: REUTERS

When and how did the Ómicron variant originate in Argentina?

On December 5th, the Ministry of Health The first case was confirmed Omigron On top of that Argentina. It’s a Traveler 38 years old, resident of the province St. Louis, Who attended a work event in South Africa and who returned To the country on November 30th. According to the report, the victim has a complete immunization program and a history of infection Govit-19 In March 2021.

Affected parties a PCR testing before travel Return with decision (via USA) Negative And upon arrival at Ezeiza International Airport a Antigen testing, With conclusion Negative. Later, he went home in a rental car with the driver.

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Since he came to San Louis, the victim has been there Isolation And this On December 2nd That was announced Those who shared the event with you were found to be positiveTherefore, diagnostic tests were repeated, both with positive results.

Victim and Its four short contacts are isolated, All asymptomatic. “She has no symptoms and no headaches. He went to check because his colleagues in South Africa told him he was exposed to the corona virus, ”said Sylvia Sosa Arojo, San Luis’ health minister.

Ómicron: Everything you need to know about the new corona virus variant

Why is Omigron so called?

To avoid prejudice and discrimination, the WHO defines the Greek alphabet for naming variants of Kovit-19. There were 13 names for these mutations, Despite the two tabs. These nicknames only apply to two categories: Variations of Anxiety (VOC) and Variations of Anxiety (VOI)) Currently, Five corresponds to the first And alone Two to two. The rest were removed from “alert and surveillance” or international scientific attention.

Ómicron: Everything you need to know about the new corona virus variant

However, Respecting the first 12 letters of the Greek alphabet, they were found at a crossroads when named for the variant P.1.1.529., Since the thirteenth letter is nu and the next is xi. Once this happened, experts defined ignoring them because, in the first case, its pronunciation was very similar to the sound of the new (new, Spanish) English word, and the second may be confused with one of the common surnames in China. : Xi. To maintain order, if new variants appear, they can be named as follows: pi, ro, sigma, tau, ipsilon, fi, ji, psi and omega.

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Ómicron: Everything you need to know about the new corona virus variant

In which countries has the Omigran variant already been found?

The first isolation of the new variant was announced On November 11 in Botswana. Next up on November 14th South Africa. As of December 5, micron is already available in countries Africa, Asia, Oceania And at least 17 Of countries European union, And more than 15 regions United States; In addition Canada And Mexico.

At the regional level, imported cases have been reported Brazil And Chile. Most infections detected are associated with travelers, but in some regions they acknowledge that they are possible Social spread.

Between Countries that have accepted Omicron cases They are: South Africa, Botswana, Swaziland, Lesotho, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Spain, United Kingdom, Israel, Denmark, Netherlands, Belgium, Germany, Italy, France, Portugal, Norway, Austria, Sweden, Finland, Finland. , Romania, Czech Republic, Ireland, Luxembourg, Tunisia, Senegal, Nigeria, Ghana, Australia, Japan, South Korea, Hong Kong, India, Thailand, Singapore, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Sri Lanka and Malaysia, among others.

As of December 3, the Omicron variant has already been detected in 36 countries.  He is now over 40 years old.  (Infographic: AFP).
As of December 3, the Omicron variant has already been detected in 36 countries. He is now over 40 years old. (Infographic: AFP).

What are the differences that Ómicron has with other types?

Although it is still under analysis, scientists have determined it Ómicron has 55 mutations As for the original Wuhan virus, there are 32 of these viruses Spike protein (Spike OS), Is responsible for sticking to the cell and infecting it. Experts warn that this variation is possible for this reason Violates the immune system.

read more: San Luis Health Minister Argentina talks about Omigran’s first case: “He has no symptoms, not even a headache”

In that sense, Maria van Kerkov, The epidemiologist responsible for managing the epidemic WHO, He warned that there were signs of அதிகmicron being highly contagious, however he noted It is not clear whether this is highly contagious compared to other variants, Including delta. “Although we have a large number of moderate cases, some of these individuals will be hospitalized, require intensive care, and some will die,” the expert said.Preliminary evidence suggests that the risk of recurrence may be higher (Cured re-infection) ”.

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In terms of severity, the medical note United States, Anthony Fossie, Confirmed that the first symptoms indicate it This would be less dangerous than the delta. “So far, it’s not going to be very serious,” he added.