Diplomacy has begun to pay off and the first meeting between representatives of Ukraine and Russia in the Turkish city of Istanbul these days ended with some progress.
For a start, Ukraine is ready to abandon all military alliances, including joining NATOIn return if a dozen states sign a bond agreement to protect the country against attacks.
“We want an international mechanism similar to NATO’s Section 5”, The head of the Ukrainian delegation David Arahamiya told reporters in Istanbul. “We want the United Nations Security Council – the United Kingdom, China, Russia, the United States and France – as well as Turkey, Germany, Canada, Poland and Israel to be members of the United Nations Security Council,” he explained.
Arahamiye explained that in the event of an attack or occupation against Ukraine, kyiv could seek advice within three days and, if the issue was not resolved through diplomatic channels, was entitled to military assistance, including declaring the aircraft a no-fly zone. The agreement was proposed by his representatives.
If these guarantees are granted, “Ukraine will agree to remain neutral, have no nuclear weapons and will not allow foreign military bases within its borders.”Oleksandr Sally, another member of the Ukrainian delegation, joined.
Negotiate the situation in Donetsk, Lukansk and the Crimea
On the other hand, negotiator Mikhail Potoliak pointed it out This Agreement does not cover the Donetsk and Luhansk People’s Republics or the “temporarily occupied territories” of Russia on the Crimean PeninsulaIn 2014 Russia was illegally annexed.
However, the Ukrainian representative stressed that the proposal “does not allow Ukraine to use force to liberate these territories.” The status of these regions should be negotiated separately with Russia for 15 years..
Sally, on the other hand, insisted on it The agreement does not in any way exclude Ukraine from joining the European Union But, on the contrary, guaranteed countries will actively support a merger.
If there is a final agreement, its contents must be approved by referendum by the people of Ukraine. Once all Russian troops leave the territory, the agreement signed under pressure will not be validThe Ukrainian delegation noted.
Russia is reducing attacks on kyiv and Chernigov
For its part, the government Russia has announced it will “drastically reduce” its military operations against the Ukrainian capital, Kyiv, and the city of Chernikov. After what he considered to be “constructive” speeches.
According to Russian Deputy Defense Minister Alexander Fomin, the goal is to “increase mutual trust and create the conditions for new negotiations.”
Russian Deputy Defense Minister Alexander Fomin explained that the decision was aimed at “increasing mutual trust and creating the conditions for new negotiations with the ultimate goal of signing an agreement with the Ukrainian authorities.”
Thus, he explained, “this decision was also made because of the talks on preparatory work.” Agreement on the neutrality and non-nuclear status of UkraineAnd providing security guarantees to Ukraine is progressing in practice. “
According to the Russian news agency Interfox, Fomin stressed that “we are starting on the basis that key decisions will be accepted in kyiv and conditions for more formal work will be created.”
A few minutes ago, Vladimir Medinsky, head of the Russian delegation to the talks in Istanbul, announced that Moscow would take two measures to reduce tensions in Ukraine, one of which would be announced by the military. Too, The possibility of signing an “agreement” between Q and Moscow was first mentioned.
Of course, signing the agreement will not be “a simple matter,” Medinsky clarified, because it will “probably” include not only Russia and Ukraine, but also countries that guarantee peace and security. ” In Ukraine.
In this sense, Medinsky stressed that the talks were “constructive”, and the Russian news agency TASS reported that the Russian delegation had received a “clearly designed position to reach an agreement” from its Ukrainian counterparts.
He emphasized that the letter was not a signal of a formal antitrust inquiry into Ukraine, but rather a signal of a formal antitrust inquiry into Ukraine. “We will answer,” he said.
This is the fifth face-to-face meeting between the two delegates since the start of the invasion, three in Belarus and two in Turkey, although in recent weeks daily negotiations via video conference have become the norm.
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