Twenty American countries, including the United States, Mexico, and several Central American countries. This Friday coincided with firm commitments to control the migration crisis in the region.
The signing ceremony was presided over by the President of the United States. Joe BidenDuring the last day of the US IX Summit in Los Angeles (USA) uniting leaders from across the continent.
“No country should accept this responsibility alone.”Not only is irregular migration to the United States increasing, but millions of Venezuelans have come to Colombia, and immigrants now represent “10% of Costa Rica’s population,” Biden said.
To alleviate the stress caused by these flows, The signatories have pledged themselves – among other things – to expand the opportunities for legal immigration to restrict the entry of undocumented immigrants to the southern border of the United States, which continues to increase. “We must stop the dangerous and illegal ways in which people are being displaced. Illegal migration is unacceptable. We are going to protect our borders,” Biden said.
The United States has promised to increase the number of refugees from the United States to 20,000 by 2023 and 2024.Special priority for those coming from Haiti, as well as the continued acceptance of temporary non-agricultural workers from Central America and the prevention of “irregularities” in their employment.
The declaration includes the United States, Argentina, Barbados, Belize, Brazil, Canada, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Salvador, Guatemala, Haiti, Honduras, Jamaica, Mexico, Panama, Paraguay, Peru and Uruguay.
Among those who did not sign it were three countries that are home to many undocumented immigrants across the continent: Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua, The US government has decided not to invite the US to the summit, considering that they do not have democracy.
Biden particularly thanked Costa Rica, Ecuador, Mexico, Guatemala, Canada and Spain for their participation in the summit.Represented by Secretary of State for International Cooperation Pilar Gonzalez.
Spain has promised to “double” the number of legal channels for Honduran workers to participate in Spanish circular migration programs.According to the White House.
The President of Ecuador also intervened in the law. William Lasso, He highlighted the need to promote a “man-centered integrated development agenda”. He added: “Improving development opportunities in the home countries is urgent and, on the one hand, encouraging measures to identify and eliminate the international mafias that control irregular migration.”
Second full session
Friday, in Los Angeles, California, The Second Full Session of the US Summit, It is planned to present the announcement of US President Joe Biden and other leaders of the Western Hemisphere as one. Roadmap for countries with the highest number of immigrants and refugees.
President Jair Bolsanaro devoted much of his 15-minute speech to environmental issuesThe United States is on the agenda for this week’s hemisphere summit in Los Angeles.
Forced He defended the environmental policy adopted by his country And responded to allegations that he supports the removal of the world’s leading lungs. “You do not need Amazon to expand the agribusiness”
The president also noted British journalist Tom Phillips and tribal expert Bruno Arazo Pereira, who have been missing since Sunday in the far reaches of the Brazilian Amazon, where Brazilian civil society groups, environmental activists and political leaders are on the edge.
“The most precious benefit to man is freedom, opinion, work and religious worship,” Bolsanaro added: “We are a government that believes in God, favorable to life and protects the family from its conception.”
I would also like to send a message to the President of Argentina, Alberto Fernandez, who addressed the summit on Thursday. Bolzano was ready to buy gas from the Vaca Muerta when it became available, but in the meantime he made it clear that he would continue to buy from Bolivia.
Finally, He described the bilateral meeting with Brazilian Joe Biden this Thursday as “simply fantastic”. He further added that they were “one meter away and could talk for half an hour without masks”.
To him, the President of Chile Gabriel Borick He questioned the absence of presidents in Nicaragua, Venezuela and Cuba: “We should all be here, not all of us”.
“I don’t like exclusion The urgent need for political prisoners in Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua will be different in their presence. I call for an end to the unjust and unfortunate US siege of Nicaragua and Cuba, “he said.
In addition, he noted the financial situation in Latin America, adding: “We need to put an end to tax havens and not attract investors due to job insecurity and suicidal competition for tax cuts.”
President of Colombia On the contrary, Ivan Duque put forward a compelling argument that the regimes of Cuba, Venezuela and Nicaragua were not called. He added: “These summits were an organization for the unrestricted defense of democracy. Quebec rule says Any change or distortion in the constitutional order is an irreplaceable obstacle to participation. There are no ideological exceptions here, rejecting any form of dictatorship here.
”Our region is not divided between left and right, liberals and conservatives, but between democrats and dictators. Maduro distinguished himself from the Ordega and the Diaz Canal.
“We definitely Democracy must be protected at all times from dictators. Some of them joined hands with democracy and rose to power, then turned them into ‘dictatorships’ and finally into dictatorships.”
Further, The Duke congratulated OAS Secretary-General Louis Almagro on his “unconditional defense of the democratic constitution of the continent.”. “We cannot remain silent in the face of the dictatorships that are engulfing Venezuela, Nicaragua and Cuba. Silence makes us complicit.”
At the first full session of the imposed Los Angeles Convention Center, the heads of state of the continent who temporarily hold the leadership position of some regional camps exposed but disagreed on some things in common. powerful Differences that illustrate how difficult it is to achieve lasting consensus on a continent of massive inequality.
The need to do it “together”, “unity,” economic development “and” tackling inequality “and” soon “,” urgently “if possible, was reiterated in the speeches of Joe Biden (host), Johnny Brischeno, Prime Minister of Belize and Chairman of CARICOM. ), Laurentino Cortizo (Panama and SICA), Mario Abdo (Paraguay and Mercosur), Alberto Fernández (Argentina and CELAC) and Antonio Guterres (UN).
But it soon became clear Unity and haste do not serve the same purposes.
Biden proposed “Work together to prove the strength of democracy. He outlined his funding plans for economic development, improving access to health care and moving towards renewable energy in the face of the “collective” challenge of immigration.. “Whatever happens in the world, the United States will always be a priority for the United States,” he said.
But after a few minutes, the heads of state Belize and Argentina They went out Defending the dictatorships of Cuba and Venezuela They strongly questioned the White House’s decision to expel Miguel Diaz-Connell, Nicolas Maduro and Daniel Ortega from the summit.
With information from EFE
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