Madrid.- Now, in Spain, one in three believes that there is no point in talking about it. Inequality between men and women37%. And among women? 19% in that environment, period Feminism This makes 42% of them reject it and 62% of them reject it (and 30% of them believe that sexual violence is “an ideological invention”). These are survey data. Women and men today. Equality or inequality? Interviews with 1000 men and 1000 women aged 18 to 64. “According to the National Institute of Statistics’ measurements, this represents nearly 29 million people,” says Laura Sagnier, the author of the work, who published the results in collaboration in June. dependency, From PRM Market Intelligence’s team of consultants and analysts.
However, Sagnier says of the research, “When asked whether they believe men and women have the same opportunities in life, 48% of men and 70% of women say no.” A “confusion” of concepts that the researcher believes can respond to the existing social and political environment. In recent years, there has been a strong and growing backlash against feminism, spurred at the same time by the infiltration of far-right institutions and the expansion of its overtly anti-feminist discourse.
Along with this, according to the researcher, “little pedagogy or intimacy in speeches for non-specialists by more vocal feminists”, “political polarization that applies to all women, left and right”, and “the disintegration of the feminist movement” have occurred in recent years, above all, because of the so-called trans law. “I firmly believe that if we want our daughters, granddaughters, nieces or goddaughters to have the same opportunities in life as the men of their generation, we need to change our strategy,” he affirms.
The researcher, analyst and expert in big data set aside the markets almost a decade ago to dedicate himself to inequality, and he often says that it was not until he completed his first investigation in this field – Los Mujeres Hoi (Deusto, 2018) – when he was fully aware of the inequalities between men and women. He remembers it again now, because he continues to wonder “Bad Differences” That said, there are some problems.
For example, those found in the workplace, where the gap is known and certified by dozens of reports every year. Among them, the study reflected some of the hours they worked per week (their average, 33, and theirs 37); Or, when they live together, the difference in income: this is in almost 40% of cases. But the biggest difference in this area, Sagnier notes, is the proportion of women who say they “think they would have progressed more if they were men”: 18% of ever-employed men say they “would have progressed more if they were women,” compared to 8%. This, he assures, “is a good approximation to a well-known dimension Glass roof Feminist movement refers to.”
When it comes to maternity and paternity, there are some surprising statistics. According to the survey, they most believe that “being a father is the best thing that can happen to a man”: 79%. That number drops to 68% of them. 10% of them do not want to have children and among women it is 12%; And among 18- to 40-year-olds, that percentage rises to 14%, compared to 11% among women 41 to 65. “There was no change between these two generations in men,” the study says. In this case, “the most surprising thing” for Sagnier is the “contradiction between the de facto consensus on considering that fathers in general are capable of caring for their sons and daughters and mothers (88% of men and 86% of women), and mothers work outside the home.” Most people believe young children will be harmed if they do (57% of men and 52% of women).
“As you continue to delve into the answers, I don’t know if it goes away or the surprise gets bigger, because you understand why it happens, but, more than anything, you understand the terrible consequences for women.” The socially established notion of “giving women the role of ideal caregivers” causes “motherhood to interfere with their professional environment.” 25% of them took time off or reduced their workday to care, compared to 12% of them. “Of those who stopped being active, 29% of women reported doing so because their family situation required it, compared to 7% of men,” the report said. “It is important that society is aware of the costs of women having to stop working in the public sector and focus only on the private sector, lose their purchasing power or cease to be economically independent, dependent on the father of their sons and daughters.”.
However, “the data is irrefutable,” he says, and speaks of the “urgent need” to end these disparities: “Many advances have been made in the field of public policies and laws, but what needs to be done because it can only be changed through equal education within and outside the four walls of the home. , it’s very complicated to do that. If we don’t lead by example at home, nothing will change.” Inequalities everywhere will not change. The pills they take to sleep, how happy they are, how much they masturbate, or how their expectations in life are fulfilled or not.
Here, some other gaps reflected in the study:
By Isabel Valdez
©EL PAÍS, SL
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