Gaza once again finds itself at the center of a war conflict. Again that includes Israel.
On Saturday, October 7, Hamas — an organization considered a terrorist organization by the United States and the European Union — carried out surprise attacks in several parts of Israel. More than 1,000 people have been killed in the attacks as of Tuesday, according to the Israeli Embassy in the United States.
As a result, Israel officially declared war on Hamas and launched several attacks in Gaza, killing 830 people as of Tuesday in the territory of 2 million Palestinians.
In both cases, the number of injured was in the thousands: more than 4,200 in Gaza and more than 3,400 in Israel.
Gaza has been the center of conflict on several occasions since the last century. Because? What happened before? Below is some information to know the recent history of this place.
A History of Gaza: Territory and Changes
Gaza has a long history. It was an Egyptian site, a royal city for the Philistines, and the place where the Hebrew hero Samson died.
Although it is a small territory, it is one of the most disputed places in history. How small? Gaza is 40 kilometers long and about 11 kilometers wide.
To measure this stretch, a marathon is 42 km, longer than Gaza.
To understand the area of land as we know it today, we have to go back to the last century.
Then they traveled all over Palestine. (Note that it was under British control from 1920 to 1948).
It was established in 1947 by the United Nations (UN) created a plan to divide Palestine into two main lands and a center with an international control system: a Jewish state (Israel), an Arab state (which at that time included Gaza, the West Bank and other places) and Jerusalem at the center.
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