January 24, 2022

Brighton Journal

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The mummy of an Egyptian pharaoh “unearthed” by a tomograph and reveals its secrets 3,500 years later

(S. Saleem and Z. Hawass / Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Archeology)

Pharaoh’s mummy Amenhotep i There is The only palace that has not been opened in modern times due to its exceptional security statusThanks, though Digital technology A team of scientists was able to digitally unpack their access to some of their secrets.

Use of Three-dimensional computed tomography shows Pharaoh is 35 years old., However, “no injury or mutilation caused by disease has been found to justify the cause of death.”

Amenhotep I was about 1.69 meters tall, circumcised and had good teeth; In addition, inside their wraps he carried a gold sari with 30 amulets and beads of the same metal.

Amenhotep I am about 1.69 meters tall, circumcised and have good teeth (S. Saleem and Z. Hawass / Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Archeology)
Amenhotep I am about 1.69 meters tall, circumcised and have good teeth (S. Saleem and Z. Hawass / Egyptian Ministry of Tourism and Archeology)

Mummy was opened in the 11th century BC (3,000 years ago and four centuries after its original burial) so that priests could recover the damage caused by grave robbers.

Now, a team led by the University of Cairo is publishing Boundaries in medicine The results of his research on the mummy of Amenhotep were found in other royal mummies Tire El Pahari (Egypt) in 1881 and thereafter It was kept intact to protect its elegant blanket.

On April 3, 2021, the mummy of King Amenhotep I was taken by a convoy from the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir to the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization in Fustat, Cairo, Egypt.  (REUTERS / Amr Abdallah Dalsh)
On April 3, 2021, the mummy of King Amenhotep I was taken by a convoy from the Egyptian Museum in Tahrir to the National Museum of Egyptian Civilization in Fustat, Cairo, Egypt. (REUTERS / Amr Abdallah Dalsh)

The mummy is beautifully adorned with flower garlands and its face and neck are covered with an elegant realistic mask with colored stones.

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“Mommy of Amenhotep, the fact that I’m not open in modern times gave us a unique opportunity.“, He pointed out Sahar Saleem, Cairo University and Principal Professor of Research.

One of the authors of the study was Dr.  Sahar Saleem places the mummy on the CT machine that stood out in the previous study (EFE / Sahar Saleem).
One of the authors of the study was Dr. Sahar Saleem places the mummy on the CT machine that stood out in the previous study (EFE / Sahar Saleem).

On the one hand, he not only examined how it was first buried as a mummy, but also explained how it was buried. How he was treated and buried again by the chief priests of Amun many centuries after his death.

“We were able to digitally unwrap the mummy and ‘peel’ its virtual layers – masks, bandages and mummy – as never before.Saleem said.

The expert believes that Amenhotep I may be physically similar to his fatherHe had a short chin, a slightly narrow nose, curly hair, and slightly elongated upper teeth.

A three-dimensional CT image of Amenhotep I's mummy's head on the left shows the component layers: the mask, the mummy's head, and the surrounding bandages.  (Boundaries in medicine)
A three-dimensional CT image of Amenhotep I’s mummy’s head allows you to view the mask, the mummy’s head and the surrounding layers of bandages on the left side. (Boundaries in medicine)

No injuries or mutilations caused by the disease were found by the team to justify the cause of death.Many autopsies can be done by grave robbers, except for the remains. The first mummifiers removed its intestines, but did not remove its brain or heart.

Second Pharaoh of the 18th Egyptian dynasty, Amenhotep ruled from 1,525 to 1,504 BC Egypt was prosperous and secure, During which time he ordered numerous religious buildings and led military missions to Libya and North Sudan.

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This study helped Saleem and another teacher. Zahi Hawass, Are worthy of some of their doctrines, as they had already guessed, because the main purpose of the restorators of the eleventh century BC was to reuse the royal funeral rites for the later pharaohs.

Renowned Egyptian Egyptologist Zahi Hawass in a file photo EFE / Isaac J.  Martin
Renowned Egyptian Egyptologist Zahi Hawass in a file photo EFE / Isaac J. Martin

However, at least in the case of Amenhotep I, The priests “lovingly repaired the wounds inflicted by the tomb robbers, restored his mummy to its former glory, and placed wonderful jewels and amulets in place.”Saleem said.

Authors consider three-dimensional computed tomography images “Can be used effectively in anthropological and archaeological studies on mummiesIncluding other civilizations, for example Peru”.

(With information from EFE)

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