May 22, 2024

Brighton Journal

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They predicted a sudden transition from El Niño to La Niña in Latin America

They predicted a sudden transition from El Niño to La Niña in Latin America

This is what they pointed out Experts in the panel organized by the Regional Office of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO).In Santiago de Chile, “Preparation for La Niña, Advances and Challenges in Quantifying its Impact on Agro-Food Systems”, So. They asked Latin American countries to be vigilant.

Experts agreed The transition periods between the two events that occurred in other decades no longer occur This reduces the time for affected communities to recover and prepare.

“We saw this a year ago: We came out of Nina and in March we already had some signs of a boy. Now we're back in March and April with signs of a girl… Unable to recover from the impact of the event, we quickly headed in the opposite direction“said Yolanda González, director of the International Center for Research on the El Nino Phenomenon (CIIFEN).

Rather, “if we have a long timescale toward a normal transition period, we should have a relatively predictable ecological response…but This sudden change probably creates more stress and from that perspective we have uncertainty about how ecosystems will respond.“said Jaime Letillier, head of the marine department at the Chilean government's Institute of Fisheries Development (IFOP).

El Niño is independent of climate change, however Experts have observed changes in the way this phenomenon manifests itself For example, increases in rainfall, heat waves and drought periods were explained by the FAO Technical Group.

Rapid transitions between El Niño and La Niña They may be associated with climate change, although science has yet to establish the causes. Undoubtedly, they added.

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Forms El Niño and La Niña have effects in different parts of the planet and in Latin America they have affected the production of major crops such as wheat, rice and corn.It has a negative effect on the economies of countries, which are highly dependent on raw materials.