November 28, 2022

Brighton Journal

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Today’s Ephemeris: What Happened on November 11 | Events in Argentina and around the world

In Ephemeris of November 11 These events that happened on a day like today in Argentina and around the world stand out:

1821. Fyodor Dostoyevsky is born.

In Moscow Fyodor Dostoyevsky is born, One of the most influential writers of the 19th centuryHis work was on the subject of psychoanalysis and existentialism. Crime and Punishment Y Brothers Karamazov They are two of his most representative works. Also published Stupid, Ghosts, player Y Humiliated and offended. He died in 1881.

1859. Treaty of San Jose de Flores

The Treaty of San Jose de Flores was signed, resulting from the victory of the Argentine Confederation over the forces of Buenos Aires at the Battle of Cepeda. With this agreement, the division after the fall of Rosas ends: the province of Buenos Aires becomes part of the confederation, although the confederation of the city of Buenos Aires will not be resolved until 1880. Integrates Buenos Aires into the Confederation. A year later in 1853 the first amendment to the Constitution was signed.

1894. Peiroletto born

in Santa Fe Juan Bautista Piroletto was born, symbol of the rural bandits of the Pampas region. He stole from landowners and distributed the money to the poor, which made him a kind of Creole Robin Hood. He committed suicide in his home in 1941, surrounded by police. His story is the subject of the song “Rural Bandits”. Self-titled albumStarted in 2001 by Leon Zico.

1914. Howard Fast is born

American writer is born Howard Faust. Joining the Communist Party, he was persecuted and blacklisted for his McCarthyism. During those years he wrote Spartacus, a novel about a slave revolt in Rome. It was made into a film by Stanley Kubrick in 1960. By Dalton Trumbo. The addition of Trumbo’s name to the credits (until then he signed under a pseudonym or worked with Desphaeros) marked the end of blacklisting in Hollywood. Obviously, “I’ll Be Back, I’ll Be Millions” It has its origin Spartacus. faster Died in 2003.

1918. World War I ends

At 11 a.m. on the 11th day of the 11th month of the year, the armistice signed at Compiègne by representatives of Kaiser Wilhelm II comes into effect. Great Britain, France and the United States were the victorious nations of World War I. On the same day, the Kaiser’s ally, Austro-Hungarian Emperor Charles I abdicated and Poland became independent from Germany. The German King abdicates on November 9.

1922. Kurt Vonnegut is born.

was born Kurt Vonnegut In Indianapolis. He is one of those writers who mixed satire and science fiction in his work on topics like Sirens of Titan Y Galapagos. He is also a teacher Slaughterhouse FiveCentered on his traumatic experience at the bombing of Dresden Breakfast of Champions. Died in 2007.

1928. Carlos Fuentes was born

One of the protagonists of the 60s boom of Latin American literature was born in Panama: Carlos Fuentes. The Mexican writer left such titles The most obvious part, Death of Artemio Cruz, Ara, Christopher was unborn Y Eagle Chair. He received the Cervantes Prize in 1987. He passed away in 2012.

1951. Perón re-elected by the women’s vote

Juan Domingo Perón was re-elected for a second six-year term, after defeating the extreme Balbín-Frondizi binomial. This is a double historic election. On the one hand, never before has an Argentine president achieved immediate re-election: Roca and Yrigoyen achieved it in non-consecutive terms, and a 1949 reform allows Perón to seek a second consecutive term. Additionally, thanks to Act 13,010 of 1947, It was the first day women could vote in the country.

1956. Soviet Union crushes revolution in Hungary

Soviet Union tanks defeat rebels in Hungary, first action by Warsaw Pact forces. On October 23, a student march in Budapest was repressed by the political police, sparking revolutionary action. The Moscow-imposed government fell and the reformist Imre Nagy took power, questioning the Stalinist orthodoxy. Nikita Khrushchev mobilized more than 30 thousand soldiers. About 3,000 Hungarians died in the war against the Soviets. Nagy would be imprisoned and shot in 1958. Events in Hungary created resentment even among communists around the world.

1974. Leonardo DiCaprio is born

Born in Los Angeles Leonardo DiCaprio, one of Hollywood’s top stars in recent decades. He started on television before hitting the big screen. He was nominated for an Oscar for Best Supporting Actor in 1993.Who does Gilbert Grape love?It followed, inter alia, Fast and deadly Y Total eclipse, in which he played the poet Arthur Rimbaud. Worldwide success would come in 1997 The Titanic. After that, he was seen in films like Catch me if you can, Gangs of New York, Aviator, intruders, appearance, Django Unchained, The Wolf of Wall Street, reincarnation (He won an Oscar) and Once upon a time… in Hollywood.

1991. “Black or White” by Michael Jackson.

One of the most popular singles Michael Jackson, “Black or White”. This is an improvement Dangerous, his new album. It reached #1 in a month at a pace not seen since the Beatles’ “Get Back” in 1969. It is considered to be the most successful song of the 90s.

1999. Jacobo Diemermann dies

Jacopo Timerman died in Buenos AiresAt the age of 76. He was born in Ukraine and came to the country as a child with his parents. Founded the magazine the front pageIt revived the magazine in the 1960s, and then, in 1971, Comment. He was kidnapped by the dictatorship in 1977. He suffered torture at the hands of the Ramón camps. He was released due to international pressure. He emigrated and published the book A prisoner without a name, a cell without a number. He returned with Democracy and directed the La Razon program, which became the morning paper. A critic of Menemism, he retired from activism at the time of his death.

And, that Day of St. Martin of ToursThe patron saint of the city of Buenos Aires.

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