February 24, 2024

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A Leadership Dispute for the Future of Latin America | Comment

A Leadership Dispute for the Future of Latin America |  Comment

In this century Latin America It had radical changes, albeit in different directions. Since it has been a territory privileged by neoliberalism in the last decade of the last century, has been In the first decade of this century, the privileged area Anti-neoliberalism.

In Venezuela And inside Brazil He Start The process of overcoming neoliberalism shifted from prioritization of financial reforms to implementation Social politics. As the world's most unequal continent, with associated processes of social exclusion, the governments of Venezuela, Brazil, Argentina, Uruguay, Bolivia and Ecuador have, globally, mandated a construction. Block of countries Internationally, he led the struggle for implementation Post-neoliberalism.

This is Hectares contains only priority Social principles, but also in redemption Active role of the stateIn principles Regional integration Instead of free trade agreements with the US.

Thus, for at least a decade and a half, Latin America has been the world's leading region in the anti-neoliberal struggle. Just like that fight Hectares Presented to prominent political leaders such as Hugo Chávez, Lula, Tabare Vázquez, Nestor Kirchner, Evo Morales, Rafael Correa.

Towards the end of the second decade of anti-neoliberalism, processes of resistance have begun to emerge. Coup CourtAs in Brazil and Bolivia Short term.

But the fact remains that the heyday of Latin American neoliberal resistance has passed without abating.

continent Hectares Clear A second wave of anti-neoliberal policiesIncome distribution, strengthening states, reducing social inequalities.

What situation is Latin America facing today? After Right renaissance processes, which exist in Argentina and EcuadorTheir expressions are strong, the situation has become very volatile and clear.

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Followed by Brazil and Mexico Lula and Lopez ObradorThe more stable governments are, the more stable they are. They enforce anti-neoliberal policies. Colombia, with Gustavo PedroThis neoliberal opposition can be included in governments, even if there are instabilities and yet not much continuity.

On the continent as a whole, it can be said that there has been progress, but the hegemony of speculative capital still prevails and has not been broken. Concentration of wealth continues as does social exclusion. Even as the economy rebounded, the number of people living on the streets, abandoned, did not decrease.

Some countries, including Brazil, Mexico, and Colombia, have demonstrated the ability to move toward overcoming neoliberalism. But what will come after neoliberalism is not known. What kind of democracy can defeat the current government? What is the social structure that follows neoliberalism?

It is certain that the continent has a strong social and political movement with parties, trade unions and social movements expressing the left politically. The 21st century will continue to be a century Progressive Latin AmericaFighting against neoliberalism.

The third decade of the century, however, was a period of contrast between the progress achieved in some countries and the setbacks. with Strong presence of Lula's leadership on the continent And in the world and with existence A government Very conservative like Milei.

The controversy is over which of the two leaderships will be decisive for the continent's future. It will define the destiny of Latin America in the first half of the 21st century.

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